Tuesday, July 31, 2012

Why Preschools Are Significant in Child Development

Correct physical, social and mental abilities are very important in developing a child's whole being. Toddlers aged 3-5 years are the most ideal years to introduce them to new things and let them explore life. This is also the age-range when most parents would consider their child going to preschools to aid them in providing their children the proper guidance.

Children, as they grow become more playful and active. And this is also the time that they would need appropriate guidance that most busy parents can't directly give. Thus, such parents see the need to have their child/children go to preschools to oversee their growing years.

Infant education or commonly known as preschool education are usually between the ages of 0-5. This early childhood education provides youngsters factual knowledge, skills and training while allowing them to play, enjoy and discover self-worth, discipline and sense of responsibility. The method of teaching starts through the use of child's own senses.

While the house is considered as first place to learn and the parents are still the best known teacher of a growing child, the need for professional guidance from preschool teachers can give a child an advantage to learn and experience things that will contribute well on their development.

The sense of belonging to a community or group is an essential thing that a preschool can provide to every child. They can also develop good communication skills that include talking, listening and sign language. Through socialization, they can also develop awareness and accountability and learn to be respectful to others. There are also activities that can help them in improving their knowledge and understanding of the world and giving them an opportunity to show their creativity and scientific thinking.

In addition, pre-schooling also involves variety of physical activities which are helpful in children when it comes to developing their physical abilities. Such activities include walking, climbing, balances and other motor skills like running and speaking. Several other activities also teach children to discover that they are capable and can do things for themselves which is called independence.

According to statistics, children who have gone through pre-schooling are more ready as they enter their kindergarten than those who are not. This is because preschool also include various academic-related activities like exposing them to numbers, letters and shapes. These things are fundamentals as they go to higher level of education.

Preschools can be privately held or run by the government. In either institution, children are being monitored and their developments are tracked by professionals who can assess them if they are ready for next schooling level. Privately held schools can be more costly but many parents affirm it is worthy of the price.

Tuesday, July 24, 2012

How Weight Loss Surgery Works

Weight loss surgery has been shown to produce significant results for those who are unable to lose weight through other methods.

For those who are morbidly obese, the procedures can be life-changing. In addition to helping patients shed pounds, some procedures such as gastric bypass surgery have been shown to eliminate other serious health problems, including diabetes.

But if you are considering a surgical procedure, it's important to do your homework and educate yourself on your options. Every patient is different. An experienced bariatric (weight loss) doctor will help determine if you are a candidate for surgery, and if so, which type of procedure is best for your situation. It is also essential that you take the time to learn how these surgeries are performed and what they do to your body to help you lose weight.

Weight loss surgery explained

While each type of procedure has its own process, the overall concept behind most types of weight loss surgery is the same.

Most procedures involve restricting the stomach in some fashion (this is called "gastric restriction") to create a smaller space for food. This alone doesn't necessarily restrict food intake; however, patients who receive the procedure become full quicker. With less "room" in the stomach, it takes smaller amounts of food for the patient to reach a feeling of fullness. In turn, this causes the patient to feel satisfied faster and for longer periods of time. Less food is consumed as a result.

Studies have shown that some types of procedures typically help patients lose more than 75% of their excess body weight. Additionally, newer, more advanced techniques have made these surgeries safer than ever with reduced risks for complications and failure.

Every procedure has a distinct process for gastric restriction. As a potential candidate for surgery, you should obtain specific information on each procedure available, so that you understand the differences.

Most common types of weight loss surgery

Here are the most common types of procedures available to those seeking a surgical solution to losing weight.

- Gastric band surgery: Also known as the Lap Band, this procedure involves placing a special band around the upper part of the stomach. The tighter the band, the smaller amounts of food it takes before you feel full.

- Gastric sleeve surgery: This procedure involves creating a thin, vertical sleeve within the stomach, while a larger portion of the stomach is stapled off.

- Gastric bypass surgery: Through an alteration of the digestive process, this procedure involves creating a smaller pouch within the stomach and attaching it to a portion of the small intestine so that food bypasses most of the small intestine.

- Gastric plication: This procedure is much like the traditional gastric sleeve; however, instead of stapling off a portion of the stomach, the stomach is sutured - essentially sewn together. This preserves the stomach's natural nutrient absorption capabilities.

- Gastric balloon: This is a non-surgical procedure that involves inflating a balloon-like device inside the stomach to help limit food intake by making patients feel full more quickly.

An experienced bariatric surgeon can help you identify which type of weight loss surgery is right for you.

Schedule your weight loss surgery consultation at the Obesity Control Center today and find out even more!

Monday, July 16, 2012

The Earliest Farmers

By the end of the last ice age, around 8000 BC, humans were experiencing a drastic change in their environment. Some would refer to this time period as either the Mesolithic period, meso is the Greek word for "middle" and lithos meaning "stone"; or perhaps more appropriately as the Epipaleolithic period, which translates loosely as "final upper paleolithic" period. It was a time when "human civilizations that were affected by the ice age were retooling to deal with the environmental changes that were occurring. As a species, the ice age defined human nature and its behaviors. In many parts of the world there actually wasn't any "ice or snow to speak of", but the environment during the 100,000 year stretch had been quite arid and temperatures had been much cooler.

Essentially it was a time of great upheaval for humanity, especially for those who were close to the areas affected by the change in climate. Changes in climate meant changes in the herds that were hunted for food. Everything changed on the Earth, arid areas became more tropical and colder areas became much more temperate. The world was becoming more hospitable and the herds were moving greater distances away from their traditional migration routes. As a result, humans had to extend their own ranges and follow them. This middle Stone Age period found humans "modernizing" their tools and gaining access to regions of better qualities of tool making materials.

The Holocene hadn't quite begun, but the environment was changing and warming quickly. Human civilizations were widely nomadic and still in a pre-agricultural period. "Crops" to them, were essentially based on foraging the natural supply in a changing ecosystem. As these references of time overlap for different areas, it becomes more important to utilize the identification of tools and their usages in order to better distinguish between periods. With advances in radiocarbon dating the periods have become more clarified. The industrialization of special tools was becoming prevalent, and by 20,000 to 12,500 BCE the climates and environments had pushed humans into a period of great transition.

It was during this time that humans began producing small fine tools referred to as "microliths". They included small spear tips and edged "bladelets"s for skinning game more efficiently. As the end of the early Mesolithic time drew to a close, the people began to develop new patterns of behavior in adaptation to the changes in their environment. As herds were becoming hunted more efficiently, the small populations began to blossom, but large groups made it difficult to continue to chase animals that were migrating further north each year. The lands between Anatolia and Egypt were particularly affected by this change and the peoples there began to make drastic alterations to their lifestyles.

Some of the peoples in this area, who were the first to form settlements and begin the "farming" of primitive grains, were the Natufians. The earliest recorded agricultural settlements were the Natufians, who around 11,140 BCE settled an area near the Euphrates River. This area is today in modern Syria. This civilization existed from approximately 12500 to 9500 BCE, close to the end of the Pleistocene period. They are believed to have been the first farmers of cereals such as einkorn wheat, emmer wheat, and two varieties of rye. They also hunted gazelle, onager, sheep, and smaller animals such as hare, fox and birds. Many of their subsistence foods were gathered from what could be referred to as "wild gardens", which they regularly reseeded, and it this activity that possibly led to the practice of farming.

Two distinct settlements were discovered in the area, one was founded in the Epipalaeolithic period, and the other during the Neolithic period. Because of this bridge in epochs, the Natufians provide one of the only true examples of a culture migrating away from its nomadic hunting grounds and beginning to settle into a "homeland". Many small round huts were found, and these had been "cut into" the soft sandstone of the area. The roofs were likely supported with wooden posts, but of course none have been found since wood objects do not typically last more than a hundred years. The huts were roofed with brushwood and reeds, and contained underground storage areas for food. The population of this area was fairly small and at most could only have housed a few hundred people.

These nomads turned 'would be farmer' civilizations, have left stone and bone tools and buildings behind to tell of their civilization. As well as the bladelets and scrapers, grinding stones have also been discovered, proving the increased development and advancing tool uses of this people. Unlike the peoples of the Early Mesolithic Period, who left little more than a few stone tools, the Natufians left artifacts that prove they were evolving into an early civilization. They were not only able to exist in a changing climate, but they thrived and possibly passed on their knowledge of the discovery of farming and agriculture to other nomadic groups, that would carry this technology north into the newly unsettled lands thawing from an ice age.

The original settlement was abandoned during a re-glaciation period which lasted approximately 1000 years. The ensuing drought displaced livestock migration, including their staple animal the gazelle; as well all of the wild gardens and plants which they were subsisting on would have died off. It was during this short return of a small ice age that probably caused the Natufians to return to their old nomadic practices, and leave the area. Approximately 9000 BCE the "small ice age" receded and a new Neolithic settlement was re-founded in the same area. The new settlement seemingly returned to its farming and agricultural ways, and built new housing from the remnants of the older settlement housing. It was at this time that some of the first mud bricks are seen in the structures.

The settlement population exploded with the return of a temperate climate, and farming became a way of life for these Neolithic peoples. Evidenced by the skeletons recovered during this time period, deformities in the bones and teeth were acknowledged to be due to the rigors of increased agricultural practices. The pursuit and storage of stone ground grains, made life easier in some ways and harder in others. Increases in the varieties of plants and seeds proved that farming was now a part of not only these early human societies, but a tool that would soon lead to the development of many other technologies! Animals eventually would be collected and herded and the discovery of pottery quite possibly coincided with the "Firing" of mud bricks used for buildings. The earliest pottery was found to be about 7300 BCE, but the village was eventually abandoned for good around the year 7000 BCE. It could be said that these early peoples were truly the founding father and mothers of what we now consider to be civilization.

Monday, July 2, 2012

What Is Clamshell Packaging?

Manufacturers and wholesalers face a number of considerations when packaging consumer goods. Practicality and cost are paramount to profit-driven enterprises, so these are primary concerns for companies that need to keep packaging expenses to a minimum. On the other hand, packaging is the most visible component of product marketing, so cost-saving measures cannot be allowed to overshadow merchandising effectiveness.

The type of product being sold and its retail destination are important factors to be contemplated before moving forward with packaging decisions. For example, inexpensive mass-produced items are appropriately encased with skin packaging for economy and easy displays. Blister packaging elevates the perceived value of a product by providing a sturdier preformed cavity that showcases a small item neatly.

Clamshells are essentially hinged blister packs that provide some additional features for retailers and consumers. They share merchandising strengths with other packaging types, including the flexibility to hang products or place them on shelves, but they do cost a bit more to produce.

Three types of containers should be considered by production facilities contemplating clamshell use:

Stock - Ready-made grab-and-go packaging that does not require customization. Appropriate for generic goods of uniform size and shape. Clamshells that hold screws or nails are good examples of these small, stock plastic boxes.

Custom - Single-unit products that are irregularly shaped lend themselves to custom clamshell packaging. PVC or polystyrene materials are formed into configurations that 'ghost' the precise shapes of the items being packaged. Goods are visible to consumers who want a tactile sense of their heft and construction, but they remain protected from handling wear.

Hybrid - When possible, stock clamshells are modified slightly to accommodate retail products. This in-between approach provides a custom look, but benefits from cost-savings over 100% custom units.
The nature of the product to be contained weighs heavily on clamshell packaging decisions. Electronics lend themselves to clamshells, because of the security they provide. Heat-sealing the edges of a clamshell makes it difficult to penetrate, often requiring a knife or scissors to get to the product. Small, valuable items can also be placed in large clamshells to prevent pocket pilfering.

While sealed clamshells keep consumers out, sometimes merchandising requirements are such that retailers want to allow shoppers to handle goods directly.

Clamshell closures are available for every retail application.

Fully sealed clamshells are the most secure, designed for single use presentations that get cut open by buyers - post-purchase.

Tabs or friction are used to seal clamshells intended for repeated entry and closure. Multi-piece retail products are contained this way, so that consumers can come and go, removing what they need before resealing the container. The most effective vessels of this type employ male/female closures that snap securely into place.

Another snap-type clamshell enclosure uses a perimeter channel to create a recloseable seal. The packages are easily opened without a blade, and can be snapped shut if desired.

Tri-fold clamshell packaging provides an attractive option for retailers because the containers can be displayed vertically, using integrated hang holes, or presented standing upright on shelves. A similar method uses conventional clamshells, but attaches a protruding foot, which allows them to stand if desired.
Contract packagers are well-versed in clamshell options and retailer preferences. Size, configuration and cost are key elements to consider with your packaging provider. Once you've nailed down the specifics, it is as simple as providing your product and associated artwork to the contract packager for fulfillment.